On September 10, , Apple unveiled two new iPhone models during a highly anticipated press event in Cupertino. The iPhone 5C, a mid-range-priced version of the handset that is designed to increase accessibility due to its price is available in five colors green, blue, yellow, pink, and white and is made of plastic. The iPhone 5S comes in three colors black, white, and gold and the home button is replaced with a fingerprint scanner Touch ID.
Both phones shipped on September 20, Both devices had a larger screen than their predecessor, at 4. In , Apple unveiled the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus , which added water and dust resistance, improved system and graphics performance, a new dual-camera setup on the Plus model, new color options, and featured the removal of the 3. On September 12, , Apple officially unveiled the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, which features a new glass design, camera improvements, a True Tone display, wireless charging and improved system performance.
It also unveiled the iPhone X, which features a near bezel-less design, a facial recognition feature dubbed "Face ID" with facial tracking used for Animojis, an OLED screen with the highest pixel density on an iPhone, a new telephoto lens which works better in low light conditions, and improved cameras for AR.
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Apple sold 6. Recorded sales grew steadily thereafter, and by the end of fiscal year , a total of Apple's sales surpassed that of Research in Motion 's In the fourth quarter of , the iPhone 5 and iPhone 4S were the best-selling handsets with sales of While Samsung has led in worldwide sales of smartphones, Apple's iPhone line has still managed to top Samsung's smartphone offerings in the United States,  with The continued top popularity of the iPhone despite growing Android competition was also attributed to Apple being able to deliver iOS updates over the air, while Android updates are frequently impeded by carrier testing requirements and hardware tailoring, forcing consumers to purchase a new Android smartphone to get the latest version of that OS.
Apple announced on September 1, , that its iPhone trade-in program would be implemented at all of its specialty stores in the US. For the program to become available, customers must have a valid contract and must purchase a new phone, rather than simply receive credit to be used at a later date. A significant part of the program's goal is to increase the number of customers who purchase iPhones at Apple stores rather than carrier stores.
On September 20, , the sales date of the iPhone 5S and 5C models, the longest ever queue was observed at the New York City flagship Apple store, in addition to prominent queues in San Francisco, and Canada; however, locations throughout the world were identified for the anticipation of corresponding consumers.
This was the first time that Apple has simultaneously launched two models and the inclusion of China in the list of markets contributed to the record sales result. The store's high sales results are due to the absence of a sales tax in the state of Delaware. The finalization of a deal between Apple and China Mobile, the world's largest mobile network, was announced in late December The iPhone Upgrade Program is a month program designed for consumers to be able to get the latest iPhone every year, without paying the whole price up-front.
The program consists of "low monthly payments", where consumers will gradually pay for the iPhone they have over a month period, with an opportunity to switch upgrade to the new iPhone after 12 months of payment have passed. Once 12 months have passed, consumers can trade their current iPhone with a new one, and the payments are transferred from the old device to the new device, and the program "restarts" with a new month period. Criticism of the program includes the potential endless cycle of payments, with The Huffington Post ' s Damon Beres writing, "Complete the full month payment cycle, and you're stuck with an outdated phone.
Upgrade every 12 months, and you'll never stop owing Apple money for iPhones". Additionally, the program is limited to just the iPhone hardware; cell phone service from a network operator is not included. Before the release of the iPhone, handset manufacturers such as Nokia and Motorola were enjoying record sales of cell phones based more on fashion and brand rather than technological innovation.
Phones at the time were designed around carrier and business limits which were conservative with regards to bandwidth usage and battery life. Apple's marketing, developing from the success of iPod campaigns, allowed the phone to become a mass-market product with many buyers on launch day. Some market research has found that, unusually for a technology product, iPhone users are disproportionately female.
When then-CEO of Research in Motion Mike Lazaridis pried open an iPhone, his impression was of a Mac stuffed into a cellphone, as it used much more memory and processing power than the smartphones on the market at the time. The dominant mobile operating systems at the time such as Symbian , BlackBerry OS , and Windows Mobile were not designed to handle additional tasks beyond communication and basic functions. These operating systems never focused on applications and developers, and due to infighting among manufacturers as well as the complexity of developing on their low-memory hardware, they never developed a thriving ecosystem like Apple's App Store or Android 's Google Play.
The iPhone's success has led to a decline in sales of high-end fashion phones and business-oriented smartphones such as Vertu and BlackBerry , as well as Nokia. It ultimately agreed to a technology-sharing deal and then a takeover from Microsoft. Prior to the iPhone, "Handsets were viewed largely as cheap, disposable lures, massively subsidized to snare subscribers and lock them into using the carriers' proprietary services.
By contrast, Google has allowed carriers and OEMs to dictate the "pace of upgrades and pre-load phones with their own software on top of Android ". As a result, many Android OEMs often lag months behind Google's release of the next iteration of Android; although Nexus and Pixel devices are guaranteed two years of operating system updates and a third addition year for security.
However, Apple has supported older iterations of iPhones for over four years. In December , there were reports that Apple has been using a policy of slowing down the speed of its older iPhones when issuing operating system upgrades. Up to the iPhone 4 , all iPhone models, as well as other iOS devices were manufactured exclusively by Foxconn , based in Taiwan. In , after Tim Cook became CEO of the company, Apple changed its outsourcing strategy, for the first time increasing its supply partners. The iPhone 4s in was the first model which was manufactured simultaneously by two stand-alone companies: Foxconn as well as Pegatron , also based in Taiwan.
The 6 Plus model is being produced solely by Foxconn. The iPhone 5 model's screen results in an aspect ratio of approximately The touch and gesture features of the iPhone are based on technology originally developed by FingerWorks. The iPhone 3GS and later also feature a fingerprint -resistant oleophobic coating. The iPhone has a minimal hardware user interface, with most models featuring five buttons.
The only physical menu button is situated directly below the display, and is called the "Home button" because its primary function is to close the active app and navigates to the home screen of the interface. Earlier models included a rounded square , reminiscent of the shape of icons on the home screen, however, new models which include Apple's fingerprint recognition feature Touch ID which use the Home button as the fingerprint sensor have no symbol.
It serves as the unit's power button, and also controls phone calls. Situated on the left spine are the volume adjustment controls. The iPhone 4 has two separate circular buttons to increase and decrease the volume; all earlier models house two switches under a single plastic panel, known as a rocker switch, which could reasonably be counted as either one or two buttons.
This switch does not mute alarm sounds from the Clock application, and in some countries or regions it will not mute the camera shutter or Voice Memo sound effects. The touchscreen furnishes the remainder of the user interface. A software update in January  allowed the first-generation iPhone to use cell tower and Wi-Fi network locations trilateration ,  despite lacking GPS hardware. Since the iPhone 8 it supports Galileo. The iPhone 6S and 6S Plus, introduced in , feature 3D Touch displays which allows the screen to recognize how hard it is being pressed using pressure sensitive multi-touch technology.
Haptic touch retains some of 3D Touch's features but is based on a long press instead of a hard press. A proximity sensor deactivates the display and touchscreen when the device is brought near the face during a call. This is done to save battery power and to prevent inadvertent inputs from the user's face and ears. An ambient light sensor adjusts the display brightness which saves battery power and prevents the screen from being too bright or too dark. A 3-axis accelerometer senses the orientation of the phone and changes the screen accordingly, allowing the user to easily switch between portrait and landscape mode.
The 3. It is also used for fitness tracking purposes, primarily as a pedometer. Starting with the iPhone 5S, this functionality was included in the M7 Motion coprocessor and subsequent revisions of the embedded chip. A magnetometer is built-in since the iPhone 3GS, which is used to measure the strength and direction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the device.
Sometimes certain devices or radio signals can interfere with the magnetometer requiring users to either move away from the interference or re-calibrate by moving the device in a figure-eight motion. Since the iPhone 3GS, the iPhone also features a Compass app, which was unique at time of release, showing a compass that points in the direction of the magnetic field.
Beginning with the iPhone 4, Apple's smartphones also include a gyroscopic sensor , enhancing its perception of how it is moved. Some previous iPhone models contained a chip capable of receiving radio signals ;  however, Apple has the FM radio feature switched off because there was no antenna connected to the chip. Later iterations of the iPhone starting with the iPhone 7 , however, do not contain radio chips at all.
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Until , iPhone models starting from iPhone 5S excluding the iPhone 5C featured Apple's fingerprint recognition sensor. It is located in the home button. Included on the iPhone 6 and later excluding the iPhone SE , a barometer used to determine air pressure, and elevation from the device. Starting with the iPhone X , a facial recognition sensor, named the TrueDepth camera system is featured. It is used for unlocking the device and for authenticating purchases using Face ID. It can also be used for Animojis and AR.
On the bottom of the iPhone, there is a speaker to the left of the dock connector and a microphone to the right. There is an additional loudspeaker above the screen that serves as an earpiece during phone calls. The iPhone 4 includes an additional microphone at the top of the unit for noise cancellation , and switches the placement of the microphone and speaker on the base on the unit—the speaker is on the right.
Cars equipped with an auxiliary jack allow handsfree use of the iPhone while driving as a substitute for Bluetooth. The iPhone 7 and later have no 3. Apple's own headset has a multipurpose button near the microphone that can play or pause music, skip tracks, and answer or end phone calls without touching the iPhone.
Some third-party headsets designed for the iPhone also include the microphone and control button. The built-in Bluetooth 2. Stereo audio was added in the 3. Composite  or component  video at up to i and stereo audio can be output from the dock connector using an adapter sold by Apple. The iPhone did not support voice recording until the 3. The iPhone features an internal rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Like an iPod, but unlike most other mobile phones at the time of its launch, the battery is not user-replaceable.
Alternatively, a USB to AC adapter or "wall charger", also included can be connected to the cable to charge directly from an AC outlet. Some models of the iPhone support wireless charging. Apple runs tests on preproduction units to determine battery life.
The battery life of early models of the iPhone has been criticized by several technology journalists as insufficient and less than Apple's claims. Power and Associates customer satisfaction survey, which gave the "battery aspects" of the iPhone 3G its lowest rating of two out of five stars. If the battery malfunctions or dies prematurely, the phone can be returned to Apple and replaced for free while still under warranty. The battery replacement service and its pricing was not made known to buyers until the day the product was launched;   it is similar to how Apple and third parties replace batteries for iPods.
Since July , third-party battery replacement kits have been available  at a much lower price than Apple's own battery replacement program. These kits often include a small screwdriver and an instruction leaflet, but as with many newer iPod models the battery in the first generation iPhone has been soldered in. Therefore, a soldering iron is required to install the new battery. The iPhone 3G uses a different battery fitted with a connector that is easier to replace.
A patent filed by the corporation, published in late July , revealed the development of a new iPhone battery system that uses location data in combination with data on the user's habits to moderate the handsets power settings accordingly. Apple is working towards a power management system that will provide features such as the ability to estimate the length of time a user will be away from a power source to modify energy usage and a detection function that adjusts the charging rate to best suit the type of power source that is being used.
On December 28, , amidst many complaints about older iPhone models slowing down when new ones are released, Apple released a communication to its customers on its website, acknowledging the effect that old batteries have on the iPhone's performance. The first-generation iPhone and iPhone 3G have a fixed-focus 2. It has no optical zoom, flash or autofocus , and does not natively support video recording. Video recording is possible on the first-generation iPhone and iPhone 3G via a third-party app available on the App Store or through jailbreaking. The iPhone 3GS has a 3.
The iPhone 4 introduced a 5. It also has a backside-illuminated sensor that can capture pictures in low light and an LED flash that can stay lit while recording video. Saved recordings may be synced to the host computer, attached to email, or where supported sent by MMS. The iPhone 4S' camera can shoot 8-MP stills and p video, can be accessed directly from the lock screen, and can be triggered using the volume-up button as a shutter trigger.
The built-in gyroscope can stabilize the image while recording video. The iPhone 5 and iPhone 4S , running iOS 6 or later, can take panoramas using the built-in camera app,  and the iPhone 5 can also take still photos while recording video. The camera on the iPhone 5 reportedly shows purple haze when the light source is just out of frame,  although Consumer Reports said it "is no more prone to purple hazing on photos shot into a bright light source than its predecessor or than several Android phones with fine cameras On all five model generations, the phone can be configured to bring up the camera app by quickly pressing the home key twice.
The iPhone 5S features True Tone Flash, which has two LED lights, white and amber, that will improve white balance and will be adjusted in 1, combinations. Its image sensor is now 15 percent larger than its previous model. Both models can shoot p videos at 60 frames per second. With the release of iOS 8 , the iPhone 4S and later models can now shoot time-lapse videos, with its capability to switch frame rates automatically as the recording increases its time.
The front-facing camera is upgraded to 5 megapixels. The user may change the resolution between 4K and p in Settings. The iPhone 7 features optical image stabilization on its rear camera, a feature that was previously exclusive to the Plus models, and the 7 Plus is the first iPhone to feature dual-lens cameras both 12 MP. Both models have a 7 MP front-facing camera. The iPhone 8 camera remains largely the same as its predecessor, but it features a larger sensor, and a newer color filter.
The camera can also now record 4K at 60 and 24 frames per second, and slow-mo at p in frames per second. The new camera system also enables Portrait Lighting, which defines the light in a scene. The XS series has telephoto lens, while the lower end XR has only one lens. The iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max introduced an ultrawide lens; the latter two became the first triple-camera iPhones. The 11 has a dual-lens setup, lacking the telephoto lens of the 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max.
The front camera is now capable of recording video at 4K as a result of a new 12 MP sensor, and can also capture slow-motion footage. The SIM sits in a tray, which is inserted into a slot at the top of the device. In the case of Verizon, for example, one can request that the SIM slot be unlocked for international use by calling their support number and requesting an international unlock if their account has been in good standing for the past 60 days.
All iPhones as well as many other devices by Apple have a small disc at the bottom of the headphone jack that changes from white to red on contact with water; the iPhone 3G and later models also have a similar indicator at the bottom of the dock connector. However, with the adoption of water resistance as a feature of the iPhone, this practice is no longer in use by Apple.
The iPhone's indicators are more exposed than those in some mobile phones from other manufacturers, which carry them in a more protected location, such as beneath the battery behind a battery cover. These indicators can be triggered during routine use, by an owner's sweat,  steam in a bathroom, and other light environmental moisture.
All iPhone models include written documentation, and a dock connector to USB cable. The first generation and 3G iPhones also came with a cleaning cloth. The first generation iPhone includes a stereo headset earbuds and a microphone and a plastic dock to hold the unit upright while charging and syncing. The iPhone 3G includes a similar headset plus a SIM eject tool the first generation model requires a paperclip. The iPhone 3GS includes the SIM eject tool and a revised headset, which adds volume buttons not functional with previous iPhone versions.
The iPhone 3G and 3GS are compatible with the same dock, sold separately, but not the first generation model's dock. In September , with the launch of the iPhone 6 , Apple announced Apple Pay , a mobile payment system. The feature, aimed to "revolutionize" the way users pay, uses an NFC chip, Touch ID fingerprint scanner Face ID on iPhone X and later , Apple's Wallet app, and a dedicated "Secure Element" chip for encrypted payment information to make purchases at participating stores, both physical and online.
All iPhone models have a haptic engine to vibrate when a notification or alert, incoming call, etc. The iPhone 4S uses a linear resonant actuator vibrator, which usually uses less power and creates a quieter vibration. It is unsure as to why Apple decided to switch back. However, the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus uses a linear resonant actuator vibrator. The iPhone comes with a set of bundled applications developed by Apple,  and supports downloading third-party applications through the App Store. Apple provides free  updates to the operating system for the iPhone either wirelessly or through iTunes.
The size of the operating system depends on version. While iOS 8 required over 4. The interface is based around the home screen, a graphical list of available applications. Starting with the iPhone 4, a primitive version of multitasking came into play.
Users could double click the home button to select recently opened applications. Starting with iOS 7, though, apps can truly multitask, and each open application runs in the background when not in use, although most functionality is still available when making a call or listening to music. The home screen can be accessed by a hardware button below the screen on the iPhone 8 and earlier. YouTube no longer came as a pre-installed application. It is available on devices with an A9 chip or newer. Docked at the base of the screen, four icons for Phone , Mail , Safari Internet , and Music delineate the iPhone's main purposes.
After the update, iPhone users can rearrange and place icons by holding down on any icon and moving it to the desired location once they start shaking on up to nine other adjacent home screens, accessed by a horizontal swipe. Users can also add and delete icons from the dock, which is the same on every home screen. The dock holds up to four icons, and is located at the bottom section of the screen. Each home screen holds up to twenty icons for the first-generation iPhone , 3G , 4 and 4S ; The iPhone 5 , 5C , 5S , and SE hold up to twenty-four icons; while the iPhone 6 and later iPhone models support up to twenty-eight icons.
Users can delete Web Clips and third-party applications at any time, and may select only certain applications for transfer from iTunes. Apple's default programs, could only be removed since the iOS 10 update. Almost all input is given through the touch screen, which understands complex gestures using multi-touch. The iPhone's interaction techniques enable the user to move the content up or down by a touch-drag motion of the finger.
For example, zooming in and out of web pages and photos is done by placing two fingers on the screen and spreading them farther apart or bringing them closer together, a gesture known as " pinching ". Scrolling through a long list or menu is achieved by sliding a finger over the display from bottom to top, or vice versa to go back. In either case, the list moves as if it is pasted on the outer surface of a wheel, slowly decelerating as if affected by friction. In this way, the interface simulates the physics of a real object. Unlike previous scrollable views, in which the user pressed a "down" control to move the view "downwards", on iOS the user pushes upwards , as if moving a "plank of wood floating on the water", creating the impression that the user is directly manipulating the content displayed on the screen.
Other user-centered interactive effects include horizontally sliding sub-selection, the vertically sliding keyboard and bookmarks menu, and widgets that turn around to allow settings to be configured on the other side. Menu bars are found at the top and bottom of the screen when necessary. Their options vary by program, but always follow a consistent style motif. In menu hierarchies, a "back" button in the top-left corner of the screen displays the name of the parent folder.
The iPhone allows audio conferencing , call holding, call merging, caller ID , and integration with other cellular network features and iPhone functions. For example, if music is playing when a call is received, the music fades out, and fades back in when the call has ended. The proximity sensor shuts off the screen and touch-sensitive circuitry when the iPhone is brought close to the face, both to save battery and prevent unintentional touches. The iPhone does not support video calling or videoconferencing on versions prior to the fourth generation, as there is only one camera on the opposite side of the screen.
The iPhone includes a visual voicemail in some countries  feature allowing users to view a list of current voicemail messages on-screen without having to call into their voicemail. Unlike most other systems, messages can be listened to and deleted in a non-chronological order by choosing any message from an on-screen list. A music ringtone feature was introduced in the United States on September 5, Users can create custom ringtones from songs purchased from the iTunes Store for a small additional fee.
The ringtones can be three to 30 seconds long from any part of a song, can fade in and out, pause from half a second to five seconds when looped, or loop continuously.
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All customizing can be done in iTunes,  or with Apple's GarageBand software 4. With the release of iOS 6 , which was released on September 19, , Apple added features that enable the user to have options to decline a phone call when a person is calling them. The user can reply with a message, or set a reminder to call them back at a later time. The layout of the music library is similar to that of an iPod. The iPhone can sort its media library by songs, artists, albums, videos, playlists , genres , composers, podcasts , audiobooks , and compilations.
Options are presented alphabetically, except in playlists, which retain their order from iTunes. The iPhone uses a large font that allows users plenty of room to touch their selection. Users can rotate their device horizontally to landscape mode to access Cover Flow. Like on iTunes, this feature shows the different album covers in a scroll-through photo library.
Scrolling is achieved by swiping a finger across the screen. Alternatively, headset controls can be used to pause, play, skip, and repeat tracks. On the iPhone 3GS, the volume can be changed with the included Apple Earphones, and the Voice Control feature can be used to identify a track, play songs in a playlist or by a specific artist, or create a Genius playlist.
The iPhone supports gapless playback. Double-tapping switches between widescreen and fullscreen video playback.
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The iPhone allows users to purchase and download songs from the iTunes Store directly to their iPhone. The feature originally required a Wi-Fi network, but since , it can be used on a cellular data network. The iPhone includes software that allows the user to upload, view, and email photos taken with the camera. The user zooms in and out of photos by sliding two fingers further apart or closer together, much like Safari. The camera application also lets users view the camera roll, the pictures that have been taken with the iPhone's camera.
Those pictures are also available in the Photos application, along with any transferred from iPhoto or Aperture on a Mac, or Photoshop on a Windows PC. True 5G is not expected on the iPhone until the release. By default, the iPhone will ask to join newly discovered Wi-Fi networks and prompt for the password when required. Alternatively, it can join closed Wi-Fi networks manually. Airplane mode disables all wireless connections at once, overriding other preferences.
Safari is the iPhone's native web browser , and it displays pages similar to its Mac and Windows counterparts. Web pages may be viewed in portrait or landscape mode and the device supports automatic zooming by pinching together or spreading apart fingertips on the screen, or by double-tapping text or images. The iPhone does not support Flash , which was still popular when the iPhone was introduced. The Maps application can access Google Maps in map, satellite , or hybrid form.
It can also generate directions between two locations, while providing optional real-time traffic information. During the iPhone's announcement, Jobs demonstrated this feature by searching for nearby Starbucks locations and then placing a prank call to one with a single tap. The iPhone 3GS and iPhone 4 can orient the map with its digital compass. Simple weather and stock quotes applications also tap into the Internet. According to Google , in , the iPhone generated 50 times more search requests than any other mobile handset.
This is 30 times the use for our average contract-based consumer customers. With the introduction of the Verizon iPhone in January , the issue of using internet while on the phone was brought to the public's attention. Under the two U. For text input, the iPhone implements a virtual keyboard on the touchscreen. It has automatic spell checking and correction, predictive word capabilities, and a dynamic dictionary that learns new words. The keyboard can predict what word the user is typing and complete it, and correct for the accidental pressing of keys near the presumed desired key.
The keys are somewhat larger and spaced farther apart when in landscape mode , which is supported by only a limited number of applications. Touching a section of text for a brief time brings up a magnifying glass , allowing users to place the cursor in the middle of existing text.
The virtual keyboard can accommodate 21 languages, including character recognition for Chinese. Alternative characters with accents for example, letters from the alphabets of other languages and emoji can be typed from the keyboard by pressing the letter for two seconds and selecting the alternative character from the popup. Since iOS 8, third party keyboards, distributed through the App Store, are allowed.
Previously, they were only available on jailbroken iPhones. The iPhone also features an email program that supports HTML email , which enables the user to embed photos in an email message. Apple has also licensed Microsoft ActiveSync and supports the platform including push email with the release of iPhone 2. Text messages are presented chronologically in a mailbox format similar to Mail, which places all text from recipients together with replies.
Text messages are displayed in speech bubbles similar to iChat under each recipient's name. The iPhone has built-in support for email message forwarding, drafts, and direct internal camera-to-email picture sending. Support for multi-recipient SMS was added in the 1. At WWDC on June 11, , Apple announced that the iPhone would support third-party web applications using Ajax that share the look and feel of the iPhone interface. It is a free download, with an Apple registration, that allows developers to develop native applications for the iPhone and iPod Touch, then test them in an "iPhone simulator".
However, loading an application onto a real device is only possible after paying an Apple Developer Connection membership fee. Developers can also opt to release the application for free and will not pay any costs to release or distribute the application beyond the membership fee. The App Store was launched with the release of iOS 2. Once a developer has submitted an application to the App Store, Apple holds firm control over its distribution.
NetShare, another rejected app, would have enabled users to tether their iPhone to a laptop or desktop, using its cellular network to load data for the computer. The original iPhone has been described as "revolutionary",  a "game-changer" for the mobile phone industry,     and has been credited with helping to make Apple one of the world's most valuable publicly traded companies by The iPhone attracts users of all ages,  and besides consumer use, the iPhone has also been adopted for business purposes.
Starting with the iPhone 4S, Apple added an accessibility feature to optimize the function of the iPhone with hearing aids. Made for iPhone hearing aids also feature Live Listen. With Live Listen the iPhone acts as a remote microphone that sends sound to a Made for iPhone hearing aid.
Live Listen can help the user hear a conversation in a noisy room or hear someone speaking across the room. This program added support for more than 50 Bluetooth wireless braille displays that work with iOS out of the box. The user only needs to pair the keyboard to the device to start using it to navigate the iOS device with VoiceOver without any additional software.
It delivers both visual and vibrating alerts for incoming phone and FaceTime calls, new text messages, new and sent mail, and calendar events. Users can set an LED light flash for incoming calls and alerts or have incoming calls display a photo of the caller. Users can choose from different vibration patterns or even create their own.
The iPhone can enlarge text to make it more accessible for vision-impaired users,  and can accommodate hearing-impaired users with closed captioning and external TTY devices. With the release of iOS 9 for all iPhones, users have the ability to choose between two different screen view options.
The user can choose to have a standard view or zoomed view. When the iPhone is placed in a standard view setting, the icons are normal size and the text remains the same. With a zoomed view option, the icons on the screen and the text become slightly larger. This enables the user to have a more customized appearance and it can potentially help some users read the screen easier. AssistiveTouch helps to adapt the Multi-Touch screen of an iOS device to a user's unique physical needs.
This can be of great assistance to those who have difficulty with some gestures, like pinch, one can make them accessible with just a tap of a finger. The user can create their own gestures and customize the layout of the AssistiveTouch menu. If the user has trouble pressing the Home button, it can be set so that it can be activated with an onscreen tap. Gestures like rotate and shake are available even when if the iOS device is mounted on a wheelchair. Guided Access helps people with autism or other attention and sensory challenges stay focused on the task or app at hand. With Guided Access, a parent, teacher, or therapist can limit an iOS device to stay on one app by disabling the Home button, and limit the amount of time spent in an app.
The user can restrict access to the keyboard or touch input on certain areas of the screen. The models in bold are current flagship devices:. Apple has filed more than patent applications related to the technology behind the iPhone. On September 3, , Infogear filed for the U. In , Infogear filed an infringement claim against the owners of the iPhones. The intellectual property rights were granted to the owners of the iPhones. As of October , only the Singapore and Australian applications had been granted. Comwave has been selling VoIP devices called iPhone since Shortly after Steve Jobs' January 9, announcement that Apple would be selling a product called iPhone in June , Cisco issued a statement that it had been negotiating trademark licensing with Apple and expected Apple to agree to the final documents that had been submitted the night before.
On February 2, , Apple and Cisco announced that they had agreed to temporarily suspend litigation while they held settlement talks,  and subsequently announced on February 20, , that they had reached an agreement. Both companies will be allowed to use the "iPhone" name  in exchange for "exploring interoperability" between their security, consumer, and business communications products.
Nokia alleges that Apple has been violating ten Nokia patents since the iPhone initial release. In August , Apple won a smartphone patent lawsuit in the U. In March , an Apple patent for a wraparound display was revealed. Around April 20, , a hidden unencrypted file on the iPhone and other iOS devices was widely discussed in the media. Previous versions of iOS stored similar information in a file called "h-cells. F-Secure discovered that the data is transmitted to Apple twice a day and postulate that Apple is using the information to construct their global location database similar to the ones constructed by Google and Skyhook through wardriving.
The file is also automatically copied onto the user's computer once synchronized with the iPhone. An open-source application named "iPhoneTracker", which turns the data stored in the file into a visual map, was made available to the public in April Apple gave an official response on their web site on April 27, ,  after questions were submitted by users, the Associated Press and others.
Apple clarified that the data is a small portion of their crowd-sourced location database cache of Wi-Fi hotspots and cell towers which is downloaded from Apple into the iPhone for making location services faster than with only GPS, therefore the data does not represent the locations of the iPhone. The volume of data retained was an error. Apple issued an update for iOS version 4. The "Frequent Locations" feature found in "Settings" under "Location Services" stores commonly visited locations locally on the device.
However, this feature also keeps track of the number of times that the user has been to that location, the dates, and the exact times. Media outlets have publicized instructions on how this can be disabled for concerned users. They can read almost all smartphone information, including SMS, location, emails, and notes. Throughout , prosecutors in the United States argued for the U. The shooters had destroyed their personal phones. The U. The GrayKey, manufactured by Grayshift , can unlock iPhones, even if they are disabled. We have also never allowed any government access to our servers.
And we never will. Apple iOS in combination with their specific hardware uses crypto-shredding when activating the "Erase all content and settings" by obliterating all the keys in ' effaceable storage'. This renderes all user data on the device cryptographically inaccessible. Apple tightly controls certain aspects of the iPhone. According to Jonathan Zittrain , the emergence of closed devices like the iPhone have made computing more proprietary than early versions of Microsoft Windows.
The hacker community has found many workarounds, most of which are disallowed by Apple and make it difficult or impossible to obtain warranty service. SIM unlocking allows the iPhone to be used on a different carrier's network. Users can set restrictions or parental controls  on apps that can be downloaded or used within the iPhone. The restrictions area requires a password. The iPhone normally prevents access to its media player and web features unless it has also been activated as a phone with an authorized carrier.
On July 3, , Jon Lech Johansen reported on his blog that he had successfully bypassed this requirement and unlocked the iPhone's other features with a combination of custom software and modification of the iTunes binary. He published the software and offsets for others to use. Unlike the first generation iPhone, the iPhone 3G must be activated in the store in most countries. The need for in-store activation, as well as the huge number of first-generation iPhone and iPod Touch users upgrading to iPhone OS 2.
After the update, devices were required to connect to Apple's servers to authenticate it, causing many devices to be temporarily unusable. Users on the O2 network in the United Kingdom, however, can buy the phone online and activate it via iTunes as with the previous model. In the US, Apple has begun to offer free shipping on both the iPhone 3G and the iPhone 3GS when available , reversing the in-store activation requirement. Best Buy and Walmart will also sell the iPhone.
The iPhone's operating system is designed to only run software that has an Apple-approved cryptographic signature. This restriction can be overcome by "jailbreaking" the phone,  which involves replacing the iPhone's firmware with a slightly modified version that does not enforce the signature check. Doing so may be a circumvention of Apple's technical protection measures. In , , and , developers released a series of tools called JailbreakMe that used security vulnerabilities in Mobile Safari rendering to jailbreak the device which allows users to install any compatible software on the device instead of only App Store apps.
Theoretically these flaws could have also been used for malicious purposes. In July , Apple released iOS 4. Following the release of the iPhone 5S model, a group of German hackers called the Chaos Computer Club announced on September 21, , that they had bypassed Apple's new Touch ID fingerprint sensor by using "easy everyday means. The spokesman for the group stated: "We hope that this finally puts to rest the illusions people have about fingerprint biometrics. It is plain stupid to use something that you can't change and that you leave everywhere every day as a security token.
Most iPhones were and are still [ citation needed ] sold with a SIM lock , which restricts the use of the phone to one particular carrier, a common practice with subsidized GSM phones. Unlike most GSM phones, however, the phone cannot be officially unlocked by entering a code. While the iPhone was initially sold in the U. Apple speculates that they were likely shipped overseas and unlocked, a lucrative market before the iPhone 3G's worldwide release.
Outside of the United States, policies differ, especially in U. They are locked to the network initially, though they can usually be unlocked either after a certain period of contract length has passed, or for a small fee with the exception of the 3 network, which will unlock the device at any time for no charge. All iPhones purchased for full retail price at an Apple Store or online at apple.
Third party methods to unlock iPhones existed but were highly unreliable and sometimes rendered phones unusable. Three major carriers in Australia Optus , Telstra and Vodafone  offer legitimate unlocking, now at no cost for all iPhone devices, both current and prior models. Internationally, policies vary, but many carriers sell the iPhone unlocked for full retail price. In , four years before the iPhone was officially introduced, the trademark iFone was registered in Mexico by a communications systems and services company, iFone. The case began in , when the Mexican firm sued Apple.
The Supreme Court of Mexico upheld that iFone is the rightful owner and held that Apple iPhone is a trademark violation. According to the filing, Gradiente foresaw the revolution in the convergence of voice and data over the Internet at the time. In Brazil, the final battle over the brandname concluded in On December 18, , IGB launched its own line of Android smartphones under the tradename to which it has exclusive rights in the local market. The "iPhone" term was registered by Gradiente in , 7 years before Apple's release of its first iPhone. In June , Apple won, for the second time, the right to use the brandname in Brazil.
The court ruling determined that the Gradiente's registration does not own exclusive rights on the brand. Although Gradiente intended to appeal, with the decision Apple can use freely the brand without paying royalties to the Brazilian company. Stylized as "my phone", Solid Broadband filed a trademark application of that brand. Apple lost the trademark battle to Solid Group in a decision made by IPO director Nathaniel Arevalo, who also reportedly said that it was unlikely that consumers would be confused between the "iPhone" and the "MyPhone".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the line of smartphones by Apple. For the original iPhone, see iPhone 1st generation. For other different types of iPhones and other uses, see iPhone disambiguation. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.
The readable prose size is 91 kilobytes. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings. February June 29, Chips used. Bluetooth stereo speaker iPhone 7 and up microphone 3. Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Built-in rechargeable lithium-ion battery.
Main article: History of iPhone. See also: List of iOS devices. Coming soon. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Apple Pay. Main articles: iOS and iOS version history. Sources: Apple Newsroom Archive . Retrieved July 27, Touch Arcade. June 14, Retrieved June 13, Retrieved March 23, Retrieved January 14, Apple Inc. June 18, Archived from the original on May 21, Mac Rumors. Retrieved July 3, Technology Depot. Retrieved December 8, EE Times.
Retrieved June 10, Sorrel, Charlie June 10, Retrieved June 14, June 10, Retrieved September 9, November 2, Retrieved November 4, Archived from the original on August 8, Retrieved October 25, The S8 looks like a piece of the future, with its metal frame and glass back hosting a screen that dominates the front of the device.
By slimming down the surrounding frame and removing the physical home button, Samsung has managed to squeeze a huge 5. The 6. The iPhone 7 might be slimmer 7. Again, the iPhone 7's screen isn't bad. In fact it's bright, sharp and bang on when it comes to colours. It's just that like with design, the S8's screen is something special. Not only is the 5.
In terms of image density, the S8 is far sharper, with its pixels-per-inch screen far outstripping the iPhone's ppi effort. But it's about more than just the numbers game. The S8 has moved to a new movie viewing friendly Fingerprint scanners are great, and the iPhone 7's Touch ID sensor is about as good as it gets. Still lining up on the front of the device, it's more accessible than Samsung's rear-mounted offering on the S8 too.
Thanks to the new Samsung phone, however, biometric security is moving beyond the tips of your fingers. That's because the S8 boasts new facial recognition technology, with the front-facing camera able to address the unique features of your face and unlock the device when it sees that you, and only you, are holding the device. In practice it's effortless, quick and creates a seamless experience that sees the phone unlock as soon as you lift it within your eye line.
There is still a need for inbuilt fingerprint scanners — such as for NFC mobile payments like Apple Pay and Android Pay — and here the iPhone 7 is still king. In terms of general security and easy of use, however, the S8's new face-friendly feature has it beat. It's fine, you can admit it, you're a selfie addict. So are we, and there's nothing wrong with that. Well, so long as the phone you've got pointing at your face is worthy of that grade-A trout pout you're pulling.
The iPhone 7 is no slouch when it comes to selfies. The phone's 7-megapixel FaceTime camera is perfectly adept at filling your Facebook feed with endless poses. The S8, however is taking things a step further. Why does this number matter? Well, the wider the aperture, the more light the camera allows in, and the more light that comes in, the brighter, sharper and deeper the resulting shot.
Frequently bought together
This is especially key when your selfie sessions are at a club, on a night out or anywhere that's generally a bit gloomy. The wider aperture will transform those once blurry snaps into a gallery of memorable snapshots. Further appeasing all our selfie-loving ways, the S8's camera app comes with a range of filters, stickers and effects built in. It's not quite Snapchat levels of support, but there's enough to transform your snaps from yet another vanity shot to something truly shareable.
The Android vs iOS debate is one that will rage long into the night and comes into sharper focus than ever with the S8 and iPhone 7. Like design, Apple has long had the jump on the competition when it comes to certain software elements. While it remains untouched when it comes to speedy update rollouts, the Galaxy S8's new Android-skinning Samsung UX has the iPhone 7's iOS 10 efforts matched for simplicity, elegance and ease of use.
Where the S8, like so many Android handsets, has the iPhone 7 beat, however, are with its customisation updates. With Apple's phone you can change your wallpaper and